Stack Developer

What languages and technologies do you need to learn to become a full-stack developer and being a part of a dedicated team, one of the most popular specialists these days? Let’s figure this out.

According to StackOverflow research, a full-stack web developer is one of the most popular specializations among developers, so there’s no surprise, there are so many programs and courses to master this specialty.

Below I have collected links to resources that will help you gain the knowledge you need to become a full-stack developer and find your first job.

Frontend

HTML/CSS

All web courses start with HTML and CSS because they are web bricks. The following topics are often encountered both in interviews and actual work.

  • Semantic HTML
  • CSS box model
  • CSS processors and their benefits
  • CSS media inquiries
  • Bootstrap is a framework that helps to design pages and create prototypes fast and is a great source of fundamental knowledge about CSS.

JavaScript

Today JS is not just a language that allows you to create interactive interfaces. Every day, with each new library, it becomes a fundamental part of the web. According to StackOverflow research, in 2016 JavaScript became the most popular programming language in all areas of web development: backend, frontend, and full-stack developers. The following topics should be understood by every full-stack developer:

  • How to work with DOM
  • What is JSON and how to manage it
  • Important JavaScript concepts
  • Asynchronous control streams
  • Promise
  • Callback
  • Structuring the code
  • Tools: Webpack, Browserify, Gulp
  • How to work with popular frameworks
  • React
  • AngularJS
  • jQuery
  • Testing frameworks.

Backend

The second part of the full-stack developer’s work is the creation of server logic. Here I will consider the topics related not only to popular programming languages but also to databases, SQL, and application building process logic.

Backend languages

  • js is server implementation of JavaScript
  • Express is a framework for working with Node.js and fast creation/deployment of web applications
  • if you are interested in creating apps for Ruby on Rails and Sinatra
  • Python and popular frameworks Django and Flask
  • Java this language is very popular in full-stack development, but if you are interested in working in the corporate segment, you should take a closer look at it
  • PHP is an important language and a cornerstone of the web. Today it is used in many companies and is in high demand

Databases and Web Storage

  • Understanding SQL
  • Understanding NoSQL databases like Mongo. Understand which one of the options is better in a particular case. Know how to connect and work with a specific database using your server programming language
  • Redis
  • Memcached
  • Web Storage API to store cookies and application cache
  • Scaling up databases

HTTP & REST

HTTP is what allows the client to connect to the server. So it is necessary to know how this protocol works.

  • What is REST and why it is important?
  • Best practices in RESTful API design
  • How to work with ChromeDevTools
  • What are SSL certificates?
  • WebSockets
  • Web application architecture

To create a complex application you need to know how to structure the code, how to build a file structure of the project, where to store large files, how to structure the database.

  • Learn the general concepts of PaaS (Platform as a Service)
  • Heroku
  • AWS
  • Designing Web Applications by Microsoft
  • MVC

Git

How Git works and how to use it should be known in any field of development. The following links will help you.

  • The list of commands that are often used in the work
  • The Git tutorial for beginners

Basic algorithms and data structures

 

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